Autologous Transplant

The success of your transplant will depend on a number of factors including the type and stage of disease, age & general health.

Important advances have been made in recent years, and continue to be made, improving the success of all types of transplants. Despite this, allogeneic transplants are still associated with serious and sometimes life-threatening complications. Unfortunately, a small number of people will not survive the transplant process. Your doctor will spend time discussing with you and your family the risks and benefits of an allogenic transplant.

It generally takes 12 months or longer to recover after an allogeneic transplant. During this time it is important to look after yourself and to try to focus on the things you can do to help yourself recover well both physically and emotionally.

Autologous (Self) Transplants

An autologous transplant (or rescue) is a type of transplant that uses the person’s own stem cells. These cells are collected in advance and returned at a later stage. They are used to replace stem cells that have been damaged by high doses of chemotherapy, used to treat the person’s underlying disease.

Autologous transplants are used to treat a number of different blood cancers – leukaemias lymphomas and myeloma, and certain solid tumours – breast cancer, testicular cancer, osteosarcoma and others. Autologous transplants allow the use of high dose chemotherapy, which provides some people with a better chance of cure or long-term control of their disease.

Most people have a single autologous transplant. Others, particularly those with myeloma or some solid tumours, may have two or more sequential (one after the other) transplants, over a period of a few months.